Table C-1. Twenty-Eight Key National Indicators of Child Well-Being in the United States1

Family Economic Well-Being Domain:

1. Poverty Rate-All Families with Children


2. Secure Parental Employment Rate


3. Median Annual Income-All Families with Children



Family Economic Well-Being* and Health Domains:

4. Rate of Children with Health Insurance Coverage2



Family Economic and Social Relationships* Domains:

1. Rate of Children in Families Headed by a Single Parent



Social Relationships Domain:

2. Rate of Children Who Have Moved Within the Last Year



Health Domain:

1. Infant Mortality Rate


2. Low Birth Weight Rate


3. Mortality Rate, Ages 1-19


4. Rate of Children with Very Good or Excellent Heath (as reported by their parents)


5. Rate of Children with Activity Limitations (as Reported by their Parents)2


6. Rate of Overweight Children and Adolescents, Ages 6-19



Health and Safe/Risky Behavior* Domains:

1. Teenage Birth Rate, Ages 10-17



Safe/Risky Behavior Domain:

2. Rate of Violent Crime Victimization, Ages 12-17


3. Rate of Violent Crime Offenders, Ages 12-17


4. Rate of Cigarette Smoking, Grade 12


5. Rate of Alcoholic Drinking, Grade 12


6. Rate of Illicit Drug Use, Grade 12



Educational Attainment Domain:

1. Reading Test Scores, Average of Ages 9, 13, 17


2. Mathematics Test Scores, Average of Ages 9, 13, 17



Community Engagement Domain * and Educational Attainment Domains:

1. Rate of Preschool Enrollment, Ages 3-4


2. Rate of Persons Who Have Received a High School Diploma, Ages 18-24


3. Rate of Youths Not Working and Not in School, Ages 18-20


4. Rate of Persons Who Have Received a Bachelor's Degree, Ages 25-29


5. Rate of Voting in Presidential Election, Ages 18-243



Emotional/Spiritual Well-Being Domain:

1. Suicide Rate, Ages 10-19


2. Rate of Weekly Religious Attendance, Grade 12


3. Percent Who Report Religion as Being Very Important, Grade 12

1A few basic indicators can be assigned to two domains. For these, the * denotes the domain specific index to which the indicators are assigned for computation purposes. Explanations for the domain assignments are given in Land, Lamb, & Mustillo (2001) in Section I. Unless otherwise noted, indicators refer to children ages 0-17.
2With three exceptions all series begin in 1975. The subjective health indicators begin in 1984 while the health insurance indicator begins in 1987.
3In Land, Lamb, & Mustillo (2001) the Voting series included only individuals aged 18-20. The series was recalculated in 2002 using 18-24 year olds.